Around the old cities of the Orient
Duration: 5 days, 4 nights
Type: airline and bus tour
Season: All year
Accommodation: Single / double rooms in hotels
Description: This in-depth tour of the major cities of the Orient - Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva, consists of a combination of historical and architectural components.
The roots of the architecture of Uzbekistan originated from the 2nd Millennium BC, the Bronze Age. Classical antiquity and the medieval era for aflourishing the city planning his triumphant at the end of Item 14 achieved and the early 15th Mentioned century. AD Architects straightened and improved the main streets and thoroughfares and created beautiful and diverse ensembles of squares, streets and cemeteries.
During the time of the Timurid dynasty monumental architecture was concentrated mainly in Samarkand, Bukhara and Shakhrisabz. The architecture of this period is known for its majestic scale, observed the boldness of Engineering and the splendor of its decoration. The architecture is a mix of the creative forces of craftsmen from Central Asia and from Iran, Azerbaijan and Syria. It was the basis for a unique style, which in turn impact on the architecture and urban planning in these countries as well.
This synthesis of architectural styles was given by the intersection of the caravans, trading paths and human contacts in the region and as a consequence of the existence of the Great Silk Road -. An artery of international communication Since that time, Uzbekistan has the heart and the heart of Central Asia, a centuries-old bridge between East and West, between the rich heritage of its ancestors and its modern achievements.
We also recommend that you can look through a variety of supplements that you add to the main tour program in your spare time to your needs and preferences.
Day 1: Tashkent
Evening arrival in Tashkent - the capital of Uzbekistan. Transfer to hotel and overnight. Rest after a long flight.
Day 2: Tashkent - Urgench - Khiva
Early breakfast at the hotel. Transfer to the airport at 05:50 clock. Departure for flights with HY-1051 at 07:00 clock Urgench. 08:40 Arrival in Urgench - the administrative center of Khorezm region. Transfer to Khiva - the only "outdoor museum" in Central Asia, all the way up to the present day (35 km, 30 min) were obtained. Accommodation in a hotel, inside or near Ichan-Qala - the historical center of Khiva, which has inscribed on the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage. Guided tour around the architectural complex "Ichan-Qala" (12-19 cc..): - (.. 16-17 cc) Kunya Arkkhan lock the inner citadel of Ichan-Qala, Kalta Minor Tower (Short minaret), the would have the largest and highest minaret in Central Asia, Muhammad Amin Khan (19th c.) - the largest medieval Medressa in Khiva (1845-1855 yy.), Djuma Mosque with 212 wooden columns and a minaret 32.5 m height (10 .. c) seeking Tash Hauli (Stone Farm) palace is like a fortress with a high battlements, towers and fortified gates (19th century), Ak-Mosque (White Mosque) -. a small quarter mosque by the gates Palvan-Darvaza (1838-1842), Necropolis of Pahlavan Mahmud - the cultic center of Ichan-Qala (1810-1913 yy), residence of Islam Khodja (1910 y) - .. The vizier of the last khan. Ensemble consists of the smallest Medressa in Khiva and a minaret, the upper deck has a height of 45 meters and is the highest vantage point in the city. Free time. Overnight in Khiva.
Day 3: Khiva - Bukhara
Breakfast. From 06.00 bus to Bukhara (480 km, 5-7 hours). Arrival in the Holy Bukhara - one of the most prestigious cities of the Islamic civilization. Hotel accommodation. Afternoon sightseeing: Ark - the center of Bukhara statehood (4th century BC), silk carpet shops, complex Poi Kalon ("Beneath the Great"). Kalyan Minaret - the main symbol of sacred Bukhara that symbolized authority and power of spiritual governors. (12th c.), Kalyan Mosque - the area of 130 x 80 m surpasses Bibi-Khanym mosque in Samarkand, Miri Arab Madrassah - active madrassah one of the most respected spiritual Islamic universities, Taki Zargaron (16th c.) - The dome of the Jewellers (15-16 cc..) Ulugbeg Madrassah - one of the 3 madrassahs constructed by grandson of Tamerlan - Ulugbeg (15. c), Abdulaziz-khan Madrassah - hudjras traditional madrassah with 2 floors and a mosque on the central axis ( .. mid 17th c), Tim of Abdullah-Khan Madrassah () from 1588 to 1590, atlas shops, Magoki-Attari Mosque -. the oldest mosque in Bukhara (12th c) is regarded as a masterpiece of Bukhara architecture, and Khanaka Medrese Nadir Divan Beghi - a massive rectangular structure, a place of refuge and meditation of Sufis (17. c) Kukeldash Madrassah (16. c) was - one of the biggest Bukhara madrassah, Lyabi-Hauz ensemble - the largest reservoir of medieval Bukhara - is very popular with travelers (14-17 cc..). Overnight in a quiet and cozy Bukhara Hotel.
Day 4: Bukhara - Samarkand - Tashkent
Breakfast. 06:00 transfer to the historic town of Samarkand - a crossroad of cultures of the world, one of the oldest cities in the world (268 km, 4 hours). Tour around the capital of Tamerlane's Empire: Gur Emir Mausoleum - Tamerlane grave (14-15 c..), The built for Temur's grandson Muhammad-Sultan and the tombs of the three other Timurids - sons of Temur - Miranshah and Shahruh and his grandson Ulugbek, Ruhabad Mausoleum ("House of Spirit") - the legend says that is located under the dome, a box with seven hairs of Prophet Muhammad, Registan Square ("A sandy place") (14th c.) - the main square of Samarkand: Ulugbeg Medressa - Sheikh Khodja Akhrar and poet Djami were amongoutstanding graduates Medressa, Sher-Dor Medressa ("With Tiger") "Coated by gold" (17th c.) Tillya-Kari Medressa ((15th c.) ) - the rich gilding of the dome, walls and mihrab surpassed all other famous buildings in Central Asia (17th c).. The mosque is named after Hazrat-Hyzr - an Islamic saint and eternal wanderer. He was estimated as what wealth and happiness in the distant travel and trade (19th c.), The cathedral mosque Bibi-Khanym that after the oldest wife of Tamerlane (14th c.), The architectural complex Shahi-Zinda (Alive king named) was - Necropolis is on the slope of the hill with Afrosiab Kusam Abbas ibn connected -. the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad (11-15 c).. In the evening transfer to Tashkent (315 km, 5 hours). Arrival and accommodation in hotel. Overnight in Tashkent.
Day 5: Tashkent
Breakfast. Transfer to Tashkent Airport for morning flight to the next destination, departure from the wonderful land, back to monotony with the intention of returning /
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